Diabetes Mellitus can affect the eye in many ways. A common complication is diabetic retinopathy where the small vessels of the retina (nerve layer) are affected.
This is a major cause of blindness in developed countries, including Singapore.
The incidence of diabetic retinopathy increases with the duration of diabetes, and patients with more than 10 years of diabetes have a high chance of developing some degree of blood vessel abnormalities and retinopathy.
Diabetic Eye Treatment
In the early stage of diabetic retinopathy where there are mild retinal changes, the patient can be monitored regularly.
In the more advanced stages of the disease, laser treatment may be to slow down the progression and prevent loss of vision.
In severe cases, surgery may be required to control and stabilize the disease.