Retinal Tears & Detachment

Treatment

If the retina is torn and no detachment has occurred, laser treatment may be performed to seal the break so as to prevent the retina from detaching.

If the retina is already detached, then this would need to be surgically reattached. Surgical repair may either be a sclera buckle operation, where a silicone band or tyre is used to indent the sclera and release the tractional forces on the retina, or a vitrectomy where an instrument is inserted into the inner cavity of the eye to remove the vitreous gel that is tugging on the retina. These may be combined with laser treatment or freezing of the retina to seal the edges of the hole and to prevent further detachment. Air or gas may also be injected into the eye to create an additional tamponade effect so that the retina remains attached. In most instances retinal detachments may be reattached successfully if treated early.